When it comes to the tech development, Java often stands out as an exception- a good exception. Since the domain is known to evolve rapidly, rarely you will find a language as old as Java is and yet command so much influence as much as Java does. If you remember using feature phones, the applications of them were built using Java- the same way millions of Android applications are built today. And it’s not just about mobile phones, from full-scale enterprise applications to tiny modules in IoT devices, Java is everywhere. The best view comes after the hardest climb, Find out what Java Technologists predict about its foray in 2018:
Before we get into the specifics, it is worth noting that there are basically two opinions on how the future of Java will fare. One, Java is still on the rising curve and IoT will be its growth engine over the next decade as Android apps had been over the last. The second, contrary opinion is that Java is now hitting the saturation point and while it does dominate in almost every sphere of software development, there is little room for any further growth. One point, however, where both of them agree is that Java is now too big to fail. That is, there is virtually no possibility of its sudden downfall. Even if there are better alternatives, it would take years for them to even catch-up with Java, let alone beat it.
Here is what’s in store for 2018:
Oracle released JDK9 last year but it still has to be adopted by the majority of developers and as a result, we still do not have a clear idea of the improvements brought. Support for type inference of local variables, and new time based release versioning and parallel full garbage collector are some of the notable changes that JDK10 brings along with it. So as we move further into 2018, we can expect the language to have a foothold and more tools with improved support.
As you may know, Spring is one of the most widely used Java frameworks that also received an update in 2017. Spring 5.0 is a complete overhaul of the previous version with many new modules and several hundred bug fixes. The framework now also has inbuilt support for the popular OAuth 2.0- An industry standard protocol for authorizing applications these days.
As mentioned above, Java is betting big on IoT. Even its parent Oracle is marketing Java application development the perfect match for IoT. Now given that Java already is an established player in the field of network programming, we can only expect its usage and influence to grow. By some estimates, 2018 is set to witness the most explosive growth of IoT devices ever and if Java manages to seize the opportunity, it might also turn out to be a remarkable year for Java.
With its new set of toolkit, Java has a clear roadmap of success laid out. It isn’t a nut cracker and despite those things aren’t as rosy as you may believe. For starters, though it has a future roadmap lay out; it is actually losing it’s current pitch. The two biggest challenges before Java in 2018 are expected to be:
Until recently, Java had a virtual monopoly on native Android app development. But ever since Google announced support for Kotlin, the landscape seems to be taking a shift. While this is not a place to draw a comparison between the two languages, it is worth mentioning that the simplicity of Kotlin is a major draw for the developers, especially the beginners. Also, since Kotlin is highly compatible with Java, it might do what Swift did to Objective-C.
Low code development
Another area where Java claims a stronghold is the development of enterprise applications, partly because how well it handles scale and complexity. But in recent times, there has been a wave of low-code tools to create applications of all scales and needs. Though they do not offer the kind of features and customizations that Java developers can deliver through Java application development, less development time and cost appeal businesses- thus taking a bite at the market share of Java.
The adapted support model and the new 6 months release cycle will speed up the application development and deployment process. Adding new features on regular basis and updating existing applications will becomes really easy.